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Diabetes Prevention

​What is Diabetes Mellitus?

  • The food we eat becomes sugar (glucose) in our body
  • Our body can only use sugar for energy with the help of a hormone named insulin
  • In diabetes, insulin is either
    - not produced or
    - the body does not respond to it
  • This causes high blood sugar and poor fat usage in the body

Risk Factors of Diabetes

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​Short-term Complications of Uncontrolled Diabetes

Weaker immune system

  • Skin or fungal infections
  • Poor wound healing

Hunger and thirst

  • Increased appetite, weight loss
  • Increased urination, causing increased thirst

Long-term Complications  of Uncontrolled Diabetes


  • Damage to the main blood vessels
  • Blood vessels can become blocked
  • Can cause:
    - High blood pressure
    - Heart disease
    - Stroke


  • Damage to small blood vessels
  • Can cause:
    - Retinopathy (eye condition) or blindness
    - Kidney failure
    - Nerve damage
    - Wounds become infected and may lead to amputation
    - Erectile impotence


Risk of type 2 diabetes can be reduced by:
1. Active Lifestyle

  • 150 mins of moderate to intense aerobic activity
  • Two or more days per week of strengthening exercise

2. Healthy Eating

  • Variety, balance, moderate
  • Less refined carbohydrate food (e.g. white rice, white bread, refined noodles)
  • More wholegrain food (e.g. brown rice, wholemeal bread, rolled oats)

3. Healthy Lifestyle

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Say no to smoking
  • Go for regular health screening


  • Diabetes is becoming more common in Singapore
  • Being active, having a healthy diet and lifestyle play an important part in diabetes prevention
  • Go for regular health screening for early detection

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