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Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition where stomach acid or contents flows back into your food pipe (esophagus), which may or may not result in inflammation of the esophagus.

Common Symptoms

  • Heartburn
  • Sour taste in mouth
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty in swallowing


The muscle around the lower part of your esophagus loosens intermittently allowing stomach contents to flow upwards.


  • Short course of acid suppression treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)
  • 24-hour pH and impedance study to confirm acidic or reflux
  • Gastroscopy

Suggested Lifestyle Modifications

  • Raise the head of bed when sleeping
  • Avoid overeating, have 4-5 smaller meals a day
  • Dinner should be at least 4 hours before bed time
  • Dietary caution e.g. avoid alcohol, chocolate, etc.
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