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​What is Gout?

  • A form of arthritis
  • Disorder that affects the joints due to build-up of uric acid crystals
    - Uric acid is a normal waste product that is produced when the body breaks down chemicals called purines
  • Acute gouty attacks due to
    1. Ineffective removal of uric acid
    2. Excessive intake of dietary purine

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Risk Factors of Gout

  • ​Age and gender
    - Most common in men above 40 years old
    - Menopause increases risk of gout in women
  • Family history
  • ​High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Overweight/obesity
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Kidney disease


Management of Gout by Changes in Modifiable Risk Factors

1. Reduce intake of high purine content food

  • Sardines
  • Anchovies
  • Mussels
  • Mackerel
  • Roe
  • Scallops
  • Gravy
  • Broth
  • Animal heart, brain and kidney

2. Drink enough fluids

  • Drink at least 8 glasses of water per day, unless otherwise advised by your doctor
  • Large intake of water helps to remove uric acid from the body

3. Avoid drinking alcohol

  • Excessive alcohol intake can lead to frequent gout attack as it prevents the removal of uric acid from the body

4. Manage your weight

  • Body Mass Index (BMI) measures your level of body fat according to your weight and height
  • High or low BMI increases your risk of health problems
  • Manage your BMI through exercising and having a healthy and balanced diet!

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​BMI Range*BMI Classification​​Chronic Disease Risk
​<18.5​Underweight​Poor Nutrition

* Singapore / Asian BMI category. BMI equivalent for cardiovascular risk.

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