Why Is Preventing Diabetes Mellitus Important?
Before the onset of diabetes mellitus, there are no signs or symptoms. Yet for those with impaired sugar levels, 70% of them might eventually develop diabetes, of which there is still no cure. There are currently more and more people in Singapore who are diagnosed with type-2 diabetes mellitus, and managing the condition requires a lifelong commitment to lifestyle changes.
The complications of poorly controlled diabetes include damage to your eyes, kidneys and nervous system and increase your risk of stroke and heart disease. Therefore, it is important to be aware if you are at risk and to start acting now.
Risk Factors That Increase Your Risk for Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus
|Family history||Being overweight/obese|
|Ethnicity||High blood pressure |
|Age||High cholesterol levels|
| ||Sedentary lifestyle|
The prevention of diabetes can be achieved by making lifestyle changes to reduce the modifiable risk factors above. One of the major risk factor for diabetes is being overweight and obese, a condition of excessive body fat accumulation that is contributed by a high fat and sugar diet, and sedentary lifestyles. Other changes include reducing blood cholesterol levels and high blood pressure to prevent the onset of diabetes.
Aim for regular exercise to reduce weight to an ideal body weight at body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 kg/m2 and 23 kg/m2. Another way is to aim for your waist circumference to be <90cm for males and <80cm for females. It is also advised to stop smoking especially if you are overweight or obese.
Basic Dietary Guidelines to Prevent Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus