Do your work out right!

Your warm up is an important part of your exercise routine, but are you doing it right? 

A good warm up routine should look into various physiological parameters.


It should increase blood flow, accelerate muscle metabolism, activate key muscles required for sports, prepare the nervous system, decrease intramuscular resistance, and increase your range of motion.

Points to note

A commonly seen warm up routine comprises a slow jog, followed by some static stretching. It is thought that stretching can enhance performance and prevent injury. However, there is minimal evidence to show that stretching can reduce injuries and yield better exercise outcomes. In fact, stretching without adequate conditioning increases the risk of injury and affects muscle performance for up to one hour!

Try this out!

The current recommended model of pre-exercise preparations are general warm ups, sports specific muscle activation, dynamic stretching and neural activation; and done in this order. This sequence of exercise preparation is often seen in professional level soccer matches. We can see athletes going through strengthening exercises with mini bands for muscle activation, followed by dynamic stretching to improve range of motion and finally sport specific drills for neural activation before the match starts.

The next time you go for a run, try the following preparations in sequence:

  1. 3 minutes of marching on the spot
  2. 10 repetitions of bent knee donkey kicks, bent knee side leg raises and inverted reaches
  3. 10 repetitions of dynamic stretch for hamstring, buttocks, thighs and torso rotation
  4. 2 sets of 10 repetitions of high knee march, high knee skips and straight leg skips


By Mr Ray Loh
Exercise Physiologist
Sports Medicine and Surgery Clinic
Tan Tock Seng Hospital