Health Enrichment Centre

Health Screening Terms Explained

  • Health Screening
    Terms
  • Multiphasic Blood
    Tests
  • Hepatitis Screening
    Tests
  • Diagnostic
    Tests
  • Cardiac Diagnostic
    Tests
  • Female Specific Diagnostic
    Tests
  • Other
    Test

Medical History & Physical Examination

A complete physical assessment performed by our Health Screening physicians, following a detailed history-taking of your present and past medical problems. Your health risk is determined by assessing family history of hereditary conditions and personal medical history.

Body Mass Index (BMI)

A numerical computation of weight and height used to measure body fat. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of a person's weight in relation to height.

Urine Analysis

Urine Analysis reveals diseases that have gone unnoticed because they do not produce striking signs or symptoms. Examples include diabetes mellitus and chronic urinary tract infections.

Stool Analysis for Occult Blood

Stool Analysis for Occult Blood screens for occult blood in the stool. Presence of occult blood indicates bleeding from the guts.

Liver Profile

Liver Profile tests indicate normal or abnormal condition of the liver, a vital organ with many functions including the removal of toxic substances from blood. Some of the common causes of high levels include chronic liver disease, dehydration , chronic infection and alcoholism. Low levels may be caused by severe liver disease /damage and malnutrition.

Kidney Profile

Our kidneys filter our blood thus preserving useful elements while discarding unwanted waste into the urine. Kidney Profile tests include urea and the levels of electrolytes. Electrolytes are important indicators of the amount of water and salt in the body. Dehydration from vomiting and diarrhoea and kidney disease may lead to the imbalance of electrolytes.

Thyroid Function (Free T4 and TSH)

Thyroid Function screens for the disorder of the thyroid gland. Abnormal levels of these hormones indicates Hyperthyroidism or Hypothyroidism.

C-reactive Protein (CRP)

Elevated basal levels of CRP indicates an increased risk for diabetes,[9][10] hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

Hepatitis Bs Antigen

Hepatitis Bs Antigen screens for HBV infections and is the earliest indicator of acute hepatitis B and frequently identifies infected people before symptoms appear.

Hepatitis Bs Antibody

Hepatitis Bs Antibody detects previous exposure to HBV; which can also be acquired from successful vaccination. This test is done to determine the need for vaccination or to determine if a person has recovered from an infection and is immune to it.

Chest X-Ray

Chest X-Ray detects abnormalities in the lungs, heart, aorta and the bones of the thoracic area.

Full Bone Densitometry

Full Bone Densitometry measures calcium content in bones and diagnoses osteoporosis.

Ultrasound Abdomen

Ultrasound Abdomen diagnoses abnormalities in various internal organs, such as the kidneys,[1] liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen and abdominalaorta.

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

ECG is a test that measures the electrical activity of the heart
It records any problems with the heart's rhythm, and the conduction of the heart beat through the heart which may be affected by underlying heart disease.

Treadmill Stress Test

Treadmill Stress Test measures the heart's ability to respond to external stress in a controlled clinical environment.

Cardiac Calcium Scoring (Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring)

Cardiac Calcium Scoring uses a special X-ray test, Computed Tomography (CT), to check for the buildup of calcium in plaque on the walls of the arteries of the heart (coronary arteries). This test is used to check for heart disease in an early stage and to determine how severe it is.

Mammogram

Mammogram screens for early breast cancer. It is recommended that women aged 40 – 49 years old should go for mammogram screening once a year and women above 50 years old should do it once every 2 years.

Ultrasound Breast

Ultrasound Breast is an examination that uses reflected sound waves to produce an image of the internal structures of the breast. A breast ultrasound can show all areas of the breast, including the area closest to the chest wall, which is hard to study with a mammogram.

Pap Smear (Female)

Pap Smear screens for cervical cancer amongst women. A Pap Smear involves collecting cells from your cervix — the lower, narrow portion of the uterus that's where it joins with the top end of the vagina.