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​What is Asthma?

Asthma is caused by the inflammation of the airways in the lungs. ​These airways are small tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs.

Signs and Symptoms

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Common Triggers

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Risk Factors

  • Viral respiratory infections

  • Allergies

  • Family history​

  • Environmental & occupational exposure

  • Smoking

  • Obesity

Complications in Poorly-controlled Asthma

  • Fatigue

  • Stress, Anxiety, Depression

  • Poor work / school performance

  • Frequent clinic / hospital visits

  • Pneumonia, respiratory failure, death

How is Asthma Diagnosed

  • ​Family and medical history

  • Physical examination

  • Review any signs and symptoms

  • Chest X-ray

  • Lung function tests – Spirometry

  • Skin prick test

How is Asthma Treated

Types of Inhalers

Preventer Inhaler

  • To prevent asthmatic symptoms from developing

Reliever Inhaler

  • To relief asthmatic symptoms during attacks 

Useful Tools

  • Asthma Control Test
  • Written Asthma Action Plan (WAAP)

How to Manage Asthma

​When your asthma is well-controlled:

  • Continue to be compliant with use of preventer inhaler
  • Use reliever inhaler only when necessary e.g. before exercise

​When you have mild symptoms or flu:

  • Increase preventer inhaler usage based on doctor’s advice or WAAP recommendation
  • Use reliever inhaler 3-4 times a day for a maximum of 2 puffs each time

​When your asthma continues to worsen despite the above:

  • GET HELP! Go to the nearest clinic or call the ambulance
  • Meanwhile, use reliever inhaler up to 2 puffs every 10mins and take oral tablet (steroid)

Click here for more information on asthma management​

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