What is Hyperglycemia?
Hyperglycemia is known as "high blood glucose (sugar)". It is a condition in which the amount of glucose in the blood is higher than normal. It occurs when your body does not produce enough insulin or use insulin properly.
Insulin is a hormone secreted in the pancreas that allows your cells to use glucose for energy.
What Causes High Blood Glucose?
There are many causes of hyperglycemia.
Common causes are:
Missing a dose of medication
Taking an incorrect dose of medication
Using insulin incorrectly (wrong dose, expired insulin, wrong technique)
Not following meal plans
Underlying illness or infection
Being less active than usual
Other causes include:
Try keeping a record of all the food and drinks you consume throughout the day. Check your blood sugar levels according to your doctor's recommendations.
How Does High Blood Glucose Affect Your Body?
High blood glucose occurs when diabetes is not managed properly.
This can lead to diabetes-related complications such as:
Understanding Your Blood Glucose Level
A reading in the "Unacceptable" range indicates that your blood glucose level is too high.
What Should You Do if Your Blood Glucose Level is High?
Drink more water as instructed by your doctor
Check your blood glucose every 4 to 6 hours
Avoid consuming sugary beverages
Visit a doctor if you have an infection or feel unwell
Inform your doctor or nurse to make adjustments to your medication(s) if steroids drugs are needed
Take extra fast-acting insulin if this has been instructed by your doctor
Stay physically active
Avoid alcohol intake
High blood glucose if left untreated for a long period of the time can lead to a life-threatening condition called Diabetic Ketoacidosis or Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia, which requires
Seek Medical Attention IMMEDIATELY if You Have:
Recurrent episodes of high blood glucose (>13mmol/L) or ketones are persistently present or >1.5mmol/L
Persistent nausea and vomiting
Shortness of breath
Very dry mouth or unable to maintain hydration
A 'fruity odour' to your breath
Call your Diabetes Nurse Educator or your doctor if you have persistent high blood glucose levels
How to Prevent High Blood Glucose
Check your blood glucose regularly
Follow your dietician's meal plans
Limit alcohol intake
Take your medication as directed
Attend your doctor's visit regularly
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